Ground plan and Section of Palladio's Villa Rotonda
Book Two of Andrea Palladio's I quattri libri dell'architettura was one of the first to deal with designs for private residences, especially focusing on the villa. Shown here are the ground plan and elevation of the villa that has come to be known as La Rotonda. It is also known as the Villa Capra and the Villa Almerico-Valmarana.
It was the last of Palladio's villas to be built, beginning around 1565, and is considered by many to be his masterpiece. It is a centralized, monumental structure, severely correct in its proportions and decoration. The central dome was modeled on that of the Pantheon in Rome.
This building was especially influential in 18th century Great Britain, where architects such as Colen Campbell and other Palladians designed buildings that were virtual replicas of it.